Setting Up VIPs for NFSv4

You can set up VIPs using the MapR Control System or the CLI.

Note: The NFSv3 server (mapr-nfsserver) nodes cannot failover to NFSv4 server (mapr-nfs4server) nodes and vice versa. Ensure that different set of VIPs are assigned for NFSv3 and NFSv4 server nodes. When running the maprcli virtualip add command to set up VIPs, list the MACs of the respective nodes so that the failover works properly (this is necessary if both NFSv3 and NFSv4 are going to be set up on the same cluster). The MACs should be mutually exclusive as both NFSv3 and NFSv4 servers cannot run on the same node.

Adding VIPs Using the MapR Control System

You can use the MCS to specify a range of virtual IP addresses and assign them to the pool of servers that are running the NFS service. You can also restrict the assignment of virtual IP addresses to certain subnets.

Before following this procedure, make sure:

  • You have installed NFS on at least three nodes (recommended).
  • You have started the NFS gateway service on the servers to which you plan to assign VIPs.
  1. Log in to MCS and go to the NFS4 service information page where you can configure VIPs for NFSv4 nodes.
  2. Click Add Virtual IP to display the Add Virtual IP page.
  3. Enter the start of the VIP range in the Starting Virtual IP field.
    MapR distributes the VIPs in this range to the selected network interfaces. VIPs are automatically migrated between the network interfaces when failures occur.
  4. Enter the end of the VIP range in the Ending Virtual IP field.
    If you are assigning only one VIP, you can leave the field blank. MapR distributes the VIPs in this range to the selected network interfaces. VIPs are automatically migrated between the network interfaces when failures occur.
  5. Enter the Netmask for the VIP range in the Netmask field.
    For example: assigns this netmask to the network interfaces along with the VIPs.
  6. Specify whether (Yes) or not (No) to assign a particular VIP address to a specific server or MAC address. If Yes, enter the MAC address for the network interface to be assigned to the listed VIP address. The remaining VIP addresses from the same pool are assigned randomly.
  7. Select one of the following:
    • Use all network interfaces on all nodes that are running the NFS Gateway service to set up VIPs that use all network interfaces on all the nodes running the NFS Gateway service.

      If additional NFS Gateway services are started, the network interfaces on their nodes will automatically become candidates for the VIPs in this range.

    • Select network interfaces to restrict the assignment of virtual IP addresses to certain subnets:
      A list of available and selected node names, physical IP addresses, and MAC addresses displays. Select from the:
      • Available list and click to move selection to Selected VIPs.
      • Selected list and click to remove from selected list of VIPs.
      See Designating NICs for MapR.
  8. Confirm the actual VIP assignment by clicking Save Changes.
    It might take up to 40 seconds to assign the VIPs. If necessary, refresh the page in your browser to view the list of VIPs.

Setting up VIPs for NFSv4 Server from the Command-Line

Virtual IP addresses (VIPs) allow you to achieve HA with failover when the NFS servers use them to connect the your cluster. When configuring VIPs for NFSv4 servers, ensure that you select NFSv4 server nodes only. MapR does not support failing over between v3 and v4 servers.

To set up VIPs for NFSv4 server:

  1. Add VIPs to the NFS server nodes in the cluster by running the virtualip add command.
    For example:
    maprcli virtualip add -service nfs4 -netmask netmask> -virtualip <vip> -macs <mac>
    For the complete list of required and optional parameters, see virtualip add.
  2. Add hostname for each VIP in the /etc/hosts file.
    Note: Make the changes to the /etc/hosts file on all the nodes in the cluster.
  3. Add the principal for each VIP and generate the keytab file. That is, repeat this step in the following order for each VIP:
    1. Add the principals for the following:
      • NFS server hostnames in the kerberos server.
      • VIP hostname in the kerberos server.
    2. Generate the keytab file, which contains entries for all the NFS server and VIP hostname principals.
  4. Restart rpc.gssd services on all the NFSv4 server nodes.
    To restart, run the following command:
    service rpcgssd start
  5. Mount the cluster.