Hive Security Configuration Options

This section describes changes made in Hive default configuration. It shows how to configure Hive after manual installation.

Unlike the previous releases, starting in MEP 4.0, Hive should be configured by running the $MAPR_HOME/server/configure.sh script with the -R option immediately after installing Hive. Hive demons will not start automatically if Hive is not configured correctly. The security configuration are described in the following sections:

  1. Manual
  2. Automatic
  3. Custom
Note: Do not use ecosystem $HIVE_HOME/bin/configure.sh script for Hive configuration. Every configuration of Hive should be done via the $MAPR_HOME/server/configure.sh uitlity by running it with the -R option. The core $MAPR_HOME/server/configure.sh uitlity invokes the ecosystem configure.sh script automatically with appropriate security option.

Automatic

If you installed Hive using the MapR Installer, the MapR Installer configures Hive daemons during installation. Additional configuration is not required.

Manual

After a new manual installation, to generate a valid default ecosystem configuration, run:

$MAPR_HOME/server/configure.sh -R 
Table 1. Example: Hive is installed with the following configuration on a secure cluster
Node, Package Hive HiveServer2 Hive Metastore WebHCat
Node 1 X X    
Node 2 X   X  
Node 3 X     X
  • After a manual installation, run the following command on Node 1, Node 2, and Node 3:
    $MAPR_HOME/server/configure.sh -R

As a result:

  • All Hive daemons are configured to support MapR-SASL. If the hive.metastore.sasl.enabled property is enabled in the hive-site.xml file, its value is set to true. If the property is not present, it is added in the configuration section as follows:
    <property>
       <name>hive.metastore.sasl.enabled</name>
       <value>true</value>
    </property>
  • HiveServer2 is configured to support encryption between Hiveserer2 and Hive clients. If the hive.server2.thrift.sasl.qop property is available in the hive-site.xml file, its value is set to auth-conf. If the property is not present, it is added in the configuration section as follows:
    <property>
       <name>hive.server2.thrift.sasl.qop</name>
       <value>auth-conf</value>
    </property>
  • The configure.sh script creates a backup folder for the current Hive configuration before it changes the configuration. All configuration properties including *.conf, *.properties, and *.xml are saved in the backup folder.
    $HIVE_HOME/conf.YYYYMMDD_HHMMS
  • The Hive default ports listed below are verified as available. If a port is not available, the configure.sh script generates an error message during configuration.

Hive default ports are as follows:

Role Default Port
Hive Metastore 9083
HiveServer2 10000
HiveWebHCat 50111

Custom

For PAM, LDAP, and Kerberos custom configurations, run configure.sh with the -R option:

$MAPR_HOME/server/configure.sh -R

The hive-site.xml file is not changed. However, Warden files are copied and a HIVE_HOME/conf backup folder is created.