Upgrading from Hive 2.1 to Hive 2.3 with Oracle DB used in Metastore

This section describes how the different upgrade scenarios from Hive 2.1 to Hive 2.3.

Column type verification

You need to first check your current Oracle DB schema and understand your upgrade scenario.

All the examples below use the Oracle SQL*Plus tool to execute SQL statements. Use the DESCRIBE <Table name>; to command to check the Oracle table information for following Hive metastore tables:
  • COLUMNS_V2
  • SD_PARAMS
  • TABLE_PARAMS
  • SERDE_PARAMS
Table 1. The Oracle metastore column types and upgrade scenario:
Table Column Possible value of column type
Scenario I Scenario II
(1) (2) (3) (4)
COLUMNS_V2 TYPE_NAME CLOB VARCHAR2(4000)
SD_PARAMS PARAM_VALUE CLOB VARCHAR2(4000)
TABLE_PARAMS PARAM_VALUE CLOB VARCHAR2(4000)
SERDE_PARAMS PARAM_VALUE CLOB VARCHAR2(4000)

If column TYPE_NAME in the COLUMNS_V2 table has VARCHAR2(4000) as the data type, then you have to perform upgrade scenario I. If column TYPE_NAME in the COLUMNS_V2 table has a data type CLOB, then you have to perform upgrade scenario II.

All columns types must belong to the same upgrade scenarios, in other words all your columns types must be VARCHAR2 or CLOB.

Use upgrade scenario I

Upgrading to Hive 2.3 (MEP-6.1.0 and above)

To upgrade from Hive-2.1 to Hive 2.3, first download Hive 2.3 from the MEP 6.1.0 package repository and perform the upgrade according to the common upgrade instructions.

Upgrading to Hive 2.3 (before MEP 6.1.0)

To upgrade Hive 2.1 to Hive 2.3 (before MEP 6.1.0), edit the upgrade-2.1.0-to-2.2.0.oracle.sql file:
nano $HIVE_HOME/scripts/metastore/upgrade/oracle/upgrade-2.1.0-to-2.2.0.oracle.sql

Remove the @039-HIVE-12274.oracle.sql; line from the upgrade script and then perform the upgrade according to the common upgrade instructions.

Use upgrade scenario II

Upgrade to Hive 2.3 (MEP 6.1.0 and above)

  1. Replace the content of @039-HIVE-12274.oracle.sql; file to:
    -- change PARAM_VALUE to CLOBs
    ALTER TABLE COLUMNS_V2 ADD (TEMP CLOB);
    UPDATE COLUMNS_V2 SET TEMP=TYPE_NAME;
    ALTER TABLE COLUMNS_V2 DROP COLUMN TYPE_NAME;
    ALTER TABLE COLUMNS_V2 RENAME COLUMN TEMP TO TYPE_NAME;
                        
    ALTER TABLE TABLE_PARAMS ADD (TEMP CLOB);
    UPDATE TABLE_PARAMS SET TEMP=PARAM_VALUE, PARAM_VALUE=NULL;
    ALTER TABLE TABLE_PARAMS DROP COLUMN PARAM_VALUE;
    ALTER TABLE TABLE_PARAMS RENAME COLUMN TEMP TO PARAM_VALUE;
                        
    ALTER TABLE SERDE_PARAMS ADD (TEMP CLOB);
    UPDATE SERDE_PARAMS SET TEMP=PARAM_VALUE, PARAM_VALUE=NULL;
    ALTER TABLE SERDE_PARAMS DROP COLUMN PARAM_VALUE;
    ALTER TABLE SERDE_PARAMS RENAME COLUMN TEMP TO PARAM_VALUE;
                        
    ALTER TABLE SD_PARAMS ADD (TEMP CLOB);
    UPDATE SD_PARAMS SET TEMP=PARAM_VALUE, PARAM_VALUE=NULL;
    ALTER TABLE SD_PARAMS DROP COLUMN PARAM_VALUE;
    ALTER TABLE SD_PARAMS RENAME COLUMN TEMP TO PARAM_VALUE;
                        
    -- Expand the hive table name length to 256
    ALTER TABLE TBLS MODIFY (TBL_NAME VARCHAR2(256));
    ALTER TABLE NOTIFICATION_LOG MODIFY (TBL_NAME VARCHAR2(256));
    ALTER TABLE PARTITION_EVENTS MODIFY (TBL_NAME VARCHAR2(256));
    ALTER TABLE TAB_COL_STATS MODIFY (TABLE_NAME VARCHAR2(256));
    ALTER TABLE PART_COL_STATS MODIFY (TABLE_NAME VARCHAR2(256));
    ALTER TABLE COMPLETED_TXN_COMPONENTS MODIFY (CTC_TABLE VARCHAR2(256));
                        
    -- Expand the hive column name length to 767
    ALTER TABLE COLUMNS_V2 MODIFY (COLUMN_NAME VARCHAR(767));
    ALTER TABLE PART_COL_PRIVS MODIFY (COLUMN_NAME VARCHAR2(767));
    ALTER TABLE TBL_COL_PRIVS MODIFY (COLUMN_NAME VARCHAR2(767));
    ALTER TABLE SORT_COLS MODIFY (COLUMN_NAME VARCHAR2(767));
    ALTER TABLE TAB_COL_STATS MODIFY (COLUMN_NAME VARCHAR2(767));
    ALTER TABLE PART_COL_STATS MODIFY (COLUMN_NAME VARCHAR2(767));
  2. Add the following line to the $HIVE_HOME/scripts/metastore/upgrade/oracle/upgrade-2.1.0-to-2.2.0.oracle.sql file after the @038-HIVE-10562.oracle.sql; line:
    @039-HIVE-12274.oracle.sql;
  3. Perform upgrade according to the common upgrade instructions.

Upgrade to Hive 2.3 (before MEP 6.1.0)

  1. Replace the content of @039-HIVE-12274.oracle.sql; file to the same as in the previous scenario.
  2. Make sure that the following line is present in the $HIVE_HOME/scripts/metastore/upgrade/oracle/upgrade-2.1.0-to-2.2.0.oracle.sql file:
     @039-HIVE-12274.oracle.sql;
  3. Perform upgrade according to the common upgrade instructions.